If your child is deemed to be a child with a disability under the law, the school district must then develop an IEP (Individualized Education Program) within 30 days of determining eligibility. The IEP has been described as the “centerpiece” of the IDEA system. This key document “sets out the child’s present educational performance, establishes annual and short-term objectives for improvements in that performance and describes the specially designed instruction and [related] services (OT, PT, Speech, Counseling, etc.) that will enable the child to meet those objectives.” D.D. ex. rel. V.D. v. NYC Bd. of Educ., 465 F.3d 503, 507-08 (2nd. Cir. 2006).
The IEP offered by the school district must be reasonably calculated to enable the student to receive educational benefits and specifically tailored to meet the special educational needs of your child. These programs need to be based upon peer-reviewed or scientifically-based research to the maximum extent possible.